Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Improvised Explosive Device ( Ied ) Essay - 1450 Words

Winston Churchill said, â€Å"You can always count on the Americans to do the right thing-after they have tried everything else†.1 Three years after field commanders requested Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles the Pentagon approved the request and asked Congress to pay the bill.2 The defeat of Saddam Hussein by Coalition Forces created a growing insurgency in Iraq from the summer of 2003 through the surge of U.S. Forces in 2008. The improvised explosive device (IED), the insurgent’s choice weapon, was responsible for 50-80% of U.S. deaths from 2005 through 2008.3 A CNN poll conducted in March 2003 showed 72% of Americans supported the war in Iraq and 3 years later only half that number, 36%, of Americans supported the war in Iraq.4 Public support for the war diminished as deaths increased while U.S. Forces conducted non-kinetic operations focused on rebuilding Iraq. Also during this time, Congress began to ask the Pentagon why they could not defeat the IED threat. Despite mounting Congressional pressure, the Pentagon was not prepared to procure MRAPs under a normal acquisition process. Ultimately, Secretary Gates made the rapid acquisition of the MRAP his number one priority.5 This essay will highlight three factors that made the MRAP acquisition program different from a normal acquisition. First, Congress and Secretary Gates, called for immediate MRAP procurement. Next, MRAP procurement was unexpected as the Pentagon planned to be in and out of Iraq quickly.Show MoreRelatedHow the Invention of Gunpowder Evolved into Many Other Things634 Words   |  3 PagesGunpowder is an explosive element that burns rapidly to produce a high pressure gas. Enlargement of this gas inside the barrel of a gun can accelerate a bullet to great rapidity. Furthermore, gunpowder is consequently used as a propellant in numerous ways. It is used as an explosive for demolition of buildings, fireworks and weapon. The Chinese were the first to convey gunpowder in the 9t h century as they used this creation for fireworks and propelling rockets. This explosives were a combinationRead MoreEndnote Analysis1335 Words   |  6 PagesELEC5208 Intelligent Electricity Networks Pre-lab 2 SCADA System - Faults in Unloaded System Question 1 Due to the Micom meters and replays in the PSS1, Micom S10 is used as the IED user software. Please take some research to find if there is any other IED user software used in current electric utilities to implement system automation, such as from ABB, Schneider, etc. Present another three examples, compare and comment on their features. Are there any special features required for distributionRead MoreThe History of Military Demolitions Essay831 Words   |  4 Pagesthe medieval times to present day, explosives have been used as an Offensive and Defensive weapon. When a castle or army was under siege the attacking army would surround the objective and cut off all supply lines and try to starve the enemy into submission. With the invention of gunpowder it made the siege obsolete. This was empowered by the cannon and other forms of field artillery, which allowed the objective to be overthrown quickly. Military grade explosives are used for benign reasons alsoRead MoreThe Invention Of The Telephone837 Words   |  4 Pagesreceiver identified as â€Å"Siri† and â€Å"she† can answer virtually each and every inquiry. Siri is a built-in â€Å"intelligent assistant† that enables users of Apple iPhone 4S and later and newer iPad and and iPod Touch devices to speak natural language voice co mmands in order to operate the mobile device and its apps. Siri was originally coded by the artificial intelligence wing of the company SRI international, which is funded by the DARPA. http://www.spaceRead MoreInstilling Fear Through Dirty Bombs Essay870 Words   |  4 Pagesinstilling fear in the local population thus making it a weapon of mass disruption. The similarities between a dirty bomb and an improvised explosive device (IED) are remarkable. In our modern wars of Iraq, Afghanistan and several other theaters of operations the IED has been the weapon of choice for insurgents. They are cheap to make and can be constructed from left over explosives and shrapnel producing elements, these same qualities are shared by the dirty bombs. The primary and often overlooked effectRead MoreA Report On Eod Robotics880 Words   |  4 Pagesthe street. However not everyone has explosives they can use for blowing people up. Eod robots are r obots used by bomb disposal teams, EOD stands for explosives ordinance disposal. The remote-controlled, heavy-duty robot tEODor (telerob Explosive Ordnance Disposal and observation robot) is designed and manufactured by Telerob. Telerob is a business unit of Cobham Unmanned Systems. The robot is designed to provide enhanced bomb disposal capabilities to explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) teams. The robotRead MoreThe Emergence Of The Taliban Essay1537 Words   |  7 Pages709-710). Throughout the war the Taliban focused their guerilla warfare against Afghan security forces, and entities of the Afghan government. Hit and run attacks were used in conjunction with improvised explosive devices, small arms, rocket propelled grenades, and suicide bombings. Recently, more complex IED have been used against Afghan security forces and civilians, being designated as a â€Å"war of attrition†. Furthermore, the Taliban have also attacked citizens who did not obey the Taliban’s commandsRead MoreToo Many Threats for Soldiers910 Words   |  4 Pagesholding a gun, grenade, or rocket in which the soldier would be accustomed to seeing. Instead what has turned into a common occurrence in conflict is the use of IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices). These lethal weapons commonly crafted out of tools and objects that are usually found within an ordinary home. Large tin coffee cans packed with explosives within its bottom, filled to the top with sharp and small object s ranging from separated scissors to nuts and bolts to act as shrapnel bombs. These wouldRead MoreThe Mine Resistant Ambush Protective808 Words   |  4 Pagesprogram revolved around the three year delay from when the field initially identified its need until its production. This paper asserts that while MRAP development and production speed was impressive, the slow reaction to the enemy’s Improvised Explosive Device (IED) capability and the lack of doctrine and concept development led to delay. To support this position, this essay describes the strategic environment with its competing efforts, and it compares the MRAP acquisition to normal Major DefenseRead MoreEssay Military Robotics725 Words   |  3 Pagesground below to troops would reduce the casualties (Fogarty). Military robots can serve in place of human beings in explosive ordinance disposal (EOD), surveillance, and other dangerous situations. For example, when an EOD team was hunting for improvised explosive devices (IED), by the time the soldier was close enough to see the telltale wires from the bomb, it was too late. The IED erupted in a wave of flames. A soldier would have to be as far as 50 yards away to escape death and as far as half-mile

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Essay On The Things They Carried - 1624 Words

For the seventeen Soldiers portrayed in â€Å"The Things We Carried† by Tim O’Brien, the physical pain was very minimal weight to carry compared to the emotional scars that they will carry throughout their entire life. This story does an amazing job portraying full human emotion that anyone put into a situation would feel, such as heavy guilt, sadness, anger, lack of motivation, perseverance, horror, and false security. All of these are notorious feelings that every soldier back in history, and now still feel when they are on a mission. â€Å"The Things They carried† shows a deep vulnerability of everyday human’s thought process during times of great stress, that before, wasn’t considered by the general public and media when speaking about what it†¦show more content†¦Because of this delicate selection of which publisher could have the privilege of reviewing his work, finding a true literary analysis based on facts rather than commercial se lling seemed to become a job in itself. Robert C. Evans, addresses these issues in the first page of his own literary analysis of â€Å"The Thing’s they Carried†, and prides himself from striving away from the generic, vague, and imprecise reviews that’s been previously published. Evens states that, â€Å"Only this kind of almost microscopic attention can truly come closest to explaining why and how Things is as powerful a piece of writing as almost everyone thinks it is† (Evans, 2015 pg. 202). This is why he was the leading article I personally chose to use as my leading, secondary source. Evens brings up the fact that when looking into the theme of â€Å"The Things They Carried†, there were many opinions on what the theme was, but very little had aligning ideas with each other. Many reviewers symmetrized it in singular words such as memories, life, and death. But Evens feels that the ones that were the truest, were the ones whose answers were the most specific yet open and un-ended ideas. He specifies one reviewer that he called helpful response went as such: Things were â€Å"about men who fought and died, about buddies, and about a lost innocence that might be recaptured through the memory ofShow MoreRelated Things They Carried Essay: Strength in The Things They Carried980 Words   |  4 PagesStrength in The Things They Carried  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Everybody has to deal with adversity at some point in their lives. The adversity that they go through varies from person to person. For First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, he had to make it through the Vietnam War alive. In the short story, The Things They Carried, where Cross draws his strength from is somewhat unclear. He seems strong at the beginning of the story, but then again, he also seems to be gaining strength towards the end of the story. ThisRead More the things they carried Essay1091 Words   |  5 Pages The things they carried,by Tim Obrien nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;quot;Oh man, you fuckin trashed the fucker. You scrambled his sorry self, look at that, you did, you laid him out like fuckin Shredded Wheat.quot; I chose to start off my essay with this particular exert from the book because I think that it very much represents the story in itself. Azar said this, after Tim (supposedly) killed a Vietnamese soldier with a hand grenade. It shows that in times of war, how callous men can becomeRead MoreEssay on The Things They Carried515 Words   |  3 PagesThe Things They Carried The Things They Carried, by Tim OBrien, is a generalization of his own experiences in Vietnam although the story itself is a work of fiction there is still much to be learned from it. Through the actions of soldiers in The Things They Carried we can begin to explore the effect war has on the human condition and the toll it plays on their minds. Some of the themes in the book, The Things They Carried, are bravery and what true bravery is, truth and how the manipulationRead MoreThe Things They Carried Essay1015 Words   |  5 PagesThe text, ‘The Things They Carried, is an excellent example which reveals how individuals are changed for the worse through their first hand experience of war. Following the lives of the men both during and after the war in a series of short stories, the impact of the war is accurately portrayed, and provides a rare insight into the guilt stricken minds of soldiers. ‘The Things They Carried shows the impact of the war in its many forms: the suicide of an ex-soldier upon his return home; the lesseningRead More The Things They Carried Essay2450 Words   |  10 Pagesand extremely prosperous. The 90’s were fraught with media propaganda about the economy and international relations. This media coverage made many Americans feel that they were invincible. The media never really covered the Middle East where things were about to boil over and hatred for the U.S. was about to get primetime attention. On the morning of September 11, 2001 the United States got a rude awakening to this hate that is held for our â€Å"invincible† country. This awakening came asRead More The Things They Carried Essay1107 Words   |  5 Pagesstory an example of this is Tim O’Brien’s â€Å"The Things They Carried†. As the story goes on it shows not only the literal meaning of what they carried but also symbolically the burdens that they had mentally. In the literal sense O’Brien talks about what different members of a platoon in Vietnam carried. This helps him to move to a more symbolic sense at the end of the story. He starts by talking about necessities and slowly moves on to what they carried to remind them that there was a world out sideRead MoreEssay On The Things They Carried1058 Words   |  5 Pages â€Å"The Things They Carried† provides a personal view into the minds of soldiers, and tells us the emotional and psychological costs of war. First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross is stationed in Vietnam in the middle of the war. He seems to be a man in love, or more like a man in love with the idea of a lady named Martha. He ends up changing from a love struck, blind man into a firm, leading soldier. In this story, the characters do the things they do because of desires and motivations. In â€Å"The ThingsRead MoreThe Things They Carried Essay1603 Words   |  7 PagesThe Things They Carried, every soldier carried something different; different equipment, different memories, and different guilt. Their equipment would change as they travelled through the book, but one common thing that the soldiers would all be forced to carry is the weight of losing one of their own. Though it might weight differently from man to man, changing depending on how well they knew the soldier, it is a weight they all felt. Though several soldiers died in The Things They Carried, theRead MoreThe Things They Carried Essay2626 Words   |  11 PagesAmerican History. During this time a lot of young people were anti-war, they were sick of losing people they loved to violence. Though the war still needed to be fought so men became soldiers freely or because they were drafted. In the story â€Å"Things They Carried†, soldiers are faced head on with the Vietnam War. Tim O’Br ien shows how the men carry the weight of physical objects through out the war. The men bog themselves down with physical objects that they do not necessarily need yet, they can dropRead MoreThe Things They Carried Essay1838 Words   |  8 PagesChristian Hernandez Professor Sarah Cantrell English 1102 â€Å"The Things They Carried†: Emotional side The story of The Things They Carried written by Tim O’Brien gives a good outlook on how the Soldiers feel and think during the war . The story describes the different things that the soldiers carry with them while at war. O’Brien talks about the different items in great detail such as weight, color, shape and size but he also gives extraordinary details about not only their personalities

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Coursework assignment Jack the Ripper Free Essays

string(64) " true and which were not and the killer took advantage of this\." 1. Source A is part of a newspaper article describing the murder of Martha Tabram and Polly Nicholls. From source A I can learn that there have been two murders in London within a month of each other, I can also learn that Polly Nicholls and the other victim, Martha Tabram, were very poor. We will write a custom essay sample on Coursework assignment: Jack the Ripper or any similar topic only for you Order Now Source A also tells us that the murderer did not kill the women for financial gain as there was no proof of stealing, the killer had used too much force to kill these women and this suggests that the killer was not of stable mind. Source A is part of an article in the East End Observer describing the murders of Martha Tabram and Polly Nicholls and it was written within a month of the murders, it suggests that the murderer was not of stable mind. Source B is part of the Coroner’s report of the death of Polly Nicholls and it suggests that the killer had a good knowledge of the human body. Source C is the report of Dr Frederick Blackwell on the body of Elizabeth Stride and its gives a detailed description of the victims body. Source A supports Source C by saying that the victims have been of the poorest of the poor whilst Source C implies that the victim, Elizabeth Stride, was poor as there was ‘no money on the body. ‘ However Source A is different to Source C as it says that the killer used ‘extraordinary violence’ to murder the women where as Source C says that there was only one incision on the body and it cut the windpipe ‘completely in two meaning that no force was used’. Source C also says that the appearance of the face was calm meaning there was no force used against the victim and it was a quick kill. Source A states that the murders were a work of a ‘demented being’ as so much effort was used to kill the victims but the evidence from Source C suggest that the killer had a knowledge of how to kill a person quickly as it says that only one incision was found on the victim and it rendered them dead. Source B says the killer had ‘anatomical skill and knowledge’ the wounds inflicted on the victim were in specific places that would lead to certain organs, additionally Source C also suggests that the killer had a good understanding of the human body as it mentions that only one wound was inflicted on the victim and it was enough to kill her and this shows that Source B supports Source C. Source B also supports Source C by saying the killer used a knife as a weapon to kill the victims and Source C implies that the killer used a knife as an incision is caused by a knife or sharp object. However Source B is different from Source C as all the statements in this are opinions whereas all the statements of Source C are facts and are given by a doctor who knows what he is seeing. Source B is also trying to decipher the identity of the victim where as Source is just a description of the body 3. Source E is Part of an article published in a local newspaper after the murders of Polly Nicholls and Annie Chapman. It tells us of how an informant warned police officers that the security of the streets should be improved otherwise murders would ensue. It also tells us a bit about the geography of White Chapel. This source implies that the security of the streets in White Chapel was really poor as there were crimes going on in every street and people had predicted that there would be murders happening in the town if the quality of the police force was not increased. It also tells us that there were crimes going on such as ‘ruffianism’ (violent lawless behavior), and although the police were told of it they did nothing to prevent or stop these crimes. This Source also tells us about the way White Chapel is built, with the main roads connected by narrow alleyways, meaning that the killer could easily slide into an alley if he heard or saw the police approaching. However the Source does not tell us who the informant is; implying that the killer had to be a police to hide his identity because otherwise he would have been fired from his job. As a result of not knowing the identity of the killer, we cannot tell if the Source is reliable or not. But as the source was a newspaper article, its main job was to inform people of the news accurately, however the newspapers also had to be sold meaning that the article evidence given by the informant could have stretched to make the article more interesting. Source D is the evidence of Elizabeth Long at the inquest into the death of Annie Chapman; she was describing the man seen talking to Annie before she was killed. It tells about the appearance of the man seen with Annie Chapman before she was killed. It says that the man was a foreigner and that he was of a ‘shabby genteel’. The description given by the eye-witness is very detailed and it describes a foreigner. During the time that the murders happened White chapel was a dirty and polluted place, people could even see their own hands in front of their faces in the dark. The time at which Miss Long said she say the man was at 5. 30 am and it was still pretty dark at that time which leads me to believe that this source is not very reliable. This however shows me that the police had trouble capturing the killer because of all the false eye-witness accounts given to them by the public, they could not interpret which ones were true and which were not and the killer took advantage of this. You read "Coursework assignment: Jack the Ripper" in category "Papers" Source D is not very reliable as there is no way that Miss. Long could have made out the appearance of the man in such detail, it is a make belief story as at the time of which the account was given many people presumed that the killer was a foreigner, therefore Miss. Long gave the description of one. 4. The police made use of many methods to try and catch the killer but they were all to no avail. One of the things that the police was to circulate leaflets around to the general public. Source F is the leaflet distributed to over 80,000 households in hopes of catching the murderer. The leaflet contains dates of the first four murders (starting from Polly Nicholls) and it is suggesting that the killer lives in Whitechapel. It is asking for people to come forward and report anybody suspicious. This is a good idea as it would save the police from interviewing everyone in Whitechapel but the public did help the police as they came up with too many false witnesses and they gave information on people who acted the slightest unusual. Source G is part of a letter from the Home Secretary to the mile end vigilance committee on 17 September 1888. The Home Secretary states that offering a reward would mean people would make false accusations on innocent people just for the money. The police were asking permission to offer reward to anyone who gives information on the killer but they were declined. This would have been a good idea as they would get a list of suspects but the public would give information on anyone just to get the money and this would leave the police in a bigger state of confusion. The police also requested for 100 more men both uniformed and plain clothed so there can more of a chance to catch the killer. This was definitely a good idea as there were more men patrolling the area and there were more chances of spotting the killer. However this method proved to be insufficient as the killer was not seen the police, both uniformed and plain clothed. The metropolitan police sent a private and confidential letter to Col turner asking him to provide trained bloodhounds that could track the scent of the victim’s blood in order to find the killer. This was a very good idea and it is still used today to track down suspects but this also failed to catch the notorious Whitechapel, murderer. Although this did prove that the killer murdered his victims rather stealthily as to not get any blood on himself. The police also put their time and effort into interviewing over a thousand lodgers in the area of Whitechapel. This does not seem like a good idea as all the murders had taken place on the weekend or on a holiday suggesting that the killer was from out of town or that he had a job meaning that he would have his own house. One of the stranger things the police did was use silent boots. There logic was that the killer would here the police man approach and so the killer would not run away. This obviously did not help the police catch the killer. These boots also cause pain to the officers as they were uncomfortable. Autopsies were carried out and police photographed each scene. Detailed interviews were conducted throughout the area and existing mental patients and those with a history of violence were investigated. Also the police offered pardons to accomplices willing to come forward with information. The police tried almost everything they could to try and catch the killer during the murders but the facilities that police had were just not enough and most of the time criminals were caught red handed or they would most likely escape. 5. The Whitechapel murders were something that the police have never experienced, they do not know of killing without reason or serial killing. As you have seen, the police tried various methods to try and catch the murderer but they were all a failure and that is due to the following reasons. The killer was a mad-man. This is what everybody believed in White chapel, that someone who kills for his own pleasure has to be foaming at the mouth, this was the perceived of Jack the ripper. He was seen as a man who could not keep his emotions in check and who was a basic raving lunatic. However through modern serial killings we have found that most serial killers look outwardly normal and sane even though they are mad on the inside. The killer could have had an ordinary day-light life with maybe even a family and by night time he could have set out to kill. This was not known at the time so people were looking out for mad person who was swinging a knife at every prostitute and because of this lunatics all over White chapel were examined but to no avail. This also meant that if the killer had family and friends they would never suspect him as he would not have filled the description of a lunatic. The killer on the other hand was a very confident person as he no doubt believed he would never be caught so he never hid the bodies and murdered in daring places, such as ten minutes away from the police station. The killer was also very artful as source H states that ‘not a trace is left’ of the killer at the crime scene. The victims of the killer had one thing in common: heavy drinking. They were known for drinking and wondering around the streets, the first victim’s, Polly Nicholls, marriage broke down as a cause of her heavy drinking. Polly Nicholls was a sad woman who made a living from prostitution. The second victim, Annie Chapman, was also a separated wife who suffered from alcoholism and she was also homeless. The next victim, Elizabeth Stride, was also separated from her husband and used prostitution as a source of a living. The fourth victim, Catherine Eddowes, was also a heavy drinker, a separated wife and a prostitute. The fifth and final victim was Mary Jane Kelly and she was a young prostitute whose husband had died. All these victims are prostitutes and almost all were heavy drinkers meaning they were all exceptionally easy targets as they would have to go in dark places with men who they were strangers with and when they were drunk they were disoriented and did not know what was going on. They would also do anything for a drink meaning they would meet up with men at night just because he promised a drink. The victims were also picked at random except for the fact that they were prostitutes so the police could not find a pattern in the victims and there were too many prostitutes in White chapel to protect them all. Whitechapel was a densely populated area in one of the poorest districts in London. There were many slaughterhouses and such in those parts of London, and so it wasn’t odd for men to walk around in dirty and even blood stained clothes. Furthermore, the fact that there were so many narrow alleys and thoroughfares may have made the Ripper’s escape easier. As source E tells us that the alley ways were ‘dark’ and ‘narrow’. The area of Whitechapel had many penniless, homeless and nameless people drifting in and out of its streets, so it was difficult to keep the track, monitor the streets and the police also had to deal with the vigilante behaviour that erupted as a result of the murders. The eyewitnesses that came forward were almost all very inaccurate except for the police officers. In eye-witness account of Elizabeth Long (source D), a description of a man she sees talking to Annie Chapman is given but it is not very detailed and it only describes his attire and not his facial features. Elizebeth Long is also not sure about the things she sae as she says: ‘as well as I could make out’, ‘I think’ and ‘I cannot be sure’. Also, the time at which she saw the man, it was dark and smog covered the whole of White chapel so therefore she could not have seen clearly and her evidence is most likely made up. These sort of eye-witness accounts lead the police to a dead end and their time is wasted. The chance of the police catching any criminal in those days would drastically drop if they didn’t catch him in the act. The investigative tools the police had at the time did not include fingerprinting, forensic evidence and DNA. The police tried almost everything they could and they made requests that would help catch the killer (even though some of them were denied). The police was not used to the concept of killing without a motive and this confused the police as to what course of action they should take. Although the police did make some mistakes such as when the writing on the wall was erased before it could be photographed and they let Catherine Eddowes out of jail at 1. 00 am when they clearly knew about the dangerous times. The police were not to blame for the ripper murders as they had never experienced anything like it and they did whatever they could to try and catch the killer. The public did not help the police in the investigation by giving false witnesses and accusations. The layout of White chapel was in such a way that it would be extremely easy for the ripper to escape. How to cite Coursework assignment: Jack the Ripper, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Cost Accounting Traditional Costing System

Question: Discuss about the Cost Accountingfor Traditional Costing System. Answer: Introduction: It is the costing technique which is used to allocate all the cost in separate department. Costing technique helps in providing all the required information to top management department and bifurcate all the cost in its relative departments. In this report ABC costing technique has been taken into consideration for the effective management of costing process in traditional costing system. Traditional Costing System: It is the one of the old system which is used by companies to allocate the cost in different departments. This technique is used to evaluate the average cost of overhead. This approach helps in bifurcation of cost in different departments and provides direct and indirect cost to the particular costing departments and evaluates cost in separate department by using cost working hours and labor engaged. (Garrison et al, 2010). Activity Based Costing: It is also ABC costing which is used in all the production houses activities consisted with manufacturing of products. It is used to assign the cost to each and every activity of production departments as per the different nature of cost and other elements it is used to provide exact cost of production and cost per unit. This technique is used to allocate cost to different production department. It is helpful in reducing the cost of production by reducing error chances and mistakes in process system. (Rasiah, 2011). This ABC technique is completely different from its traditional costing approach. Key Differences Between Traditional Costing Approach and ABC Costing Design There are several differences between traditional costing approach and ABC costing design Traditional costing allocates the cost as per the allocated overhead cost and ABC technique allocates cost as per the nature of total cost. Traditional costing technique is not used for dept information to allocate cost in different department but use only nature for the production allocation cost (Kaplan Anderson, 2013). In Traditional costing technique it is simple to allocate cost as per the rules whereas, in ABC technique it becomes hard and complex Traditional costing technique is concerned with considering very few cost elements whereas, in ABC costing several elements are taken into consideration before allocating cost Advantages and disadvantages: Advantages: This technique is easy to evaluate and determine total production cost in effective manner. It consumes less time and cost in its productions department. It provides bifurcation in products and costing department for particular products Helps in increment in overall profitability of organizations. It evaluate non productive factors of costing house Disadvantages: It does not provide correct result Accompanied with several errors Less information is used in this technique (Weygandt, Kimmel Kieso, 2015). It is very challenging and complex Conclusion: Traditional costing technique and ABC costing both are important to organizations. However, in order to reduce the mistakes and errors in present Traditional costing technique companies use ABC technique in its working department for cost allocation. Now in the end it would be concluded that ABC technique is far better technique for allocation of cost in different department by organizations. References: Garrison, R. H., Noreen, E. W., Brewer, P. C., McGowan, A. (2010). Managerial accounting.Issues in Accounting Education,25(4), 792-793. Kaplan, R., Anderson, S. R. (2013).Time-driven activity-based costing: a simpler and more powerful path to higher profits. Harvard business press. Rasiah, D. (2011). Why Activity Based Costing (ABC) is still tagging behind the traditional costing in Malaysia?.Journal of Applied Finance and Banking,1(1), 83. Weygandt, J. J., Kimmel, P. D., Kieso, D. E. (2015).Financial Managerial Accounting. John Wiley Sons.

Wednesday, March 25, 2020

The Three Colonial Regions Essay Example For Students

The Three Colonial Regions Essay The Three Regions of the 13 Colonies * The number of people differed among the colony regions; the amount of land in the colonies also differed among the regions with small numbers of people on huge tracts of land. * The first European colonists didnt know how big North America was because they didnt have a map of the continent. * The three geographic regions of the 13 Colonies were the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. The New England Colonies * The four original New England Colonies were: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. The Environment of the New England Colonies * The climate of the New England Colonies was colder than the other two colonial regions because they were the farthest north. * The climate was a positive factor for the colonists in the New England Colonies; it prevented the spread of life-threatening diseases. * The climate was a negative factor for the colonist in the New England Colonies; the severe winters killed many people. * The geography of New England was mostly hills with rocky soil. The natural resources of the New England Colonies The natural resources of the New England Colonies included fish, whales, trees and furs. * The natural resources were more important than agricultural crops to colonists in New England because of poor, rocky soil and the short growing season. Religion in the New England Colonies * The main function of New England towns was to support the religion of the Puritans. * Religious freedom in Puritan colonies did not exist. The Puritans world view did not t olerate other religions. The Southern Colonies The Environment of the Southern Colonies The climate of the Southern Colonies was the warmest climate of the three colonial regions. * The warmer climate was a positive factor for the colonists in the Southern Colonies. They didnt worry as much about surviving cold winters. * The warmer climate was a negative factor for the colonists in the Southern Colonies; the warm, moist climate carried diseases that killed the colonists. * The geography of the Southern Colonies which had a broad, coastal plain that was hilly and covered with forests. * The natural resources of the Southern Colonies included rich farm land, forests and fish. We will write a custom essay on The Three Colonial Regions specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Religion in the Middle Colonies * There was more religious freedom in the Middle Colonies than in New England. No single church or religion dominated in the Middle Colonies. Contrasts between the North and the South Agricultural Differences * The environment impacted the economy and agriculture in the New England Colonies; farming was not as important for making a living because of climate and geography. * The environment also impacted the economy and agriculture of the Southern Colonies; farming was an important way to make a living because of its climate and geography. The differences between the New England Colonies and the Southern Colonies in agriculture included the climate and geography. Agriculture influences trade * The difference between the New England Colonies and the Southern Colonies in agriculture: Southern colonists exported agricultural products and New England colonists imported agricultural products. Manufacturing Differences * The New England Colonies looked to th eir natural resources as a way to make a living; the environment forced them to look for other ways to make a living other than farming. The Southern Colonies didnt develop all their natural resources as a way to make a living; there was excellent soil for farming income, so there was no need to develop natural resources for manufacturing. The differences in manufacturing occurred between the Southern Colonies and the New England Colonies: The Southern Colonies developed their maiThe time period from around 1600 to 1740 covered the development of Britains 13 Colonies in North America. In the 13 Colonies, the early colonist’s basic needs were food, shelter and clothing. .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 , .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .postImageUrl , .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 , .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15:hover , .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15:visited , .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15:active { border:0!important; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15:active , .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15 .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ude6583c39e4b14cca857568113d3ff15:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Tell tale heart EssayAfter they met those basic needs, the colonists were able to gain wealth through economic activities like farming more land, making items from natural resources or through trade. Religious practices also varied greatly between the regions. ? Commercial manufacturing was done by master craftsmen and their apprentices. ? Trade moved products from the seller to the buyer. Exports were sent to another colony or country; imports came into the colony or country. ? The 3 regions of the 13 Colonies were the New England Colonies, the Southern Colonies and the Middle Colonies. Each of these regions had different geography and climate, which affected their econom ic activities of agriculture and trade. ? Natural resources of the Middle Colonies were rich farmland, timber, furs, iron ore and coal. The Southern Colonies had timber, fishing, and the richest farmland. New England Colonies had fish, whales, trees and furs. ? Religious freedom varied greatly between the 3 regions. There was no religious freedom in the Puritan Colonies of New England, in the Southern Colonies religion provided moral guidance but wasnt a great influence. The Quakers were the biggest influence in the Middle Colonies. Important dates to remember: ? From approximately 1600 to 1740, Britains 13 Colonies were founded in North America. * n natural resource, their farmland, and not much manufacturing; * The opposite occurred in New England. Economic Activities in the 13 Colonies * Some countries, besides England, that were in the British Empire were Wales, Scotland, and parts of Ireland. * Manufacturing: making things by hand or by machine. * Europeans defined natural resources as things made by nature that humans know how to use. Agriculture in the 13 Colonies Most people earned a living before and during the colonial time by farming Manufacturing in the 13 Colonies * Commercial manufacturing is a way to make goods and supplies to sell to others. * A master craftsman: a person who was skilled at making special products like wagons or rifles. * An apprentice was a young person who learned a special skill from a master craftsman. * Men got m ost of the manufacturing jobs because those were the customs and traditions of colonial society. * Besides professional skills, the master craftsman was supposed to teach the apprentice reading, writing, and math. Trade in the 13 Colonies * Traders: people who get wealth by buying items from a group of people at a low price and selling those things to other people at higher prices. * Imports: trade goods that are brought into a colony or country. * Exports: trade goods that are sent to another colony or country. Multiple perspectives on imports and exports. * Britain bought ships from the 13 Colonies for imports because things were made in the 13 Colonies and sent to Britain. * The Colonies exported ships, which mean they were made in the Colonies. Imports and a shortage of master craftsmen. The colonists imported items from Britain even though the same items were manufactured in the colonies. The skilled craftspeople could not make those products fast enough. * Credit: means being able to buy something now with a promise to pay later. * The problem that credit caused the colonists: many were always in debt. Trade and the development of colonial towns and cities * A break-in-transport is the g eographic location where goods and supplies were loaded and unloaded. * A break-in-transport came first and then a town or village would develop. The first colonial towns started along riverbanks or the ocean coast because the first European settlers traveled by water to the shores and products were imported and exported from the towns along the shores. Water for transportation. * It was easier to transport goods by water than by roads for the first colonists because products were heavy or bulky and could be transported faster, with more ease, and at a lower cost by boats. Economic Activities in the New England Colonies Agriculture of the New England Colonies * A subsistence farmer hardly raised enough food to feed their families. Many New England farmers, in order to make enough money to support their families during the non-growing season: had to find jobs in fishing, logging or trapping for fur. * Agriculture in the New England Colonies: poor soil, mountains, cold winters, and a short growing season. * Cash crops: crops or animals raised to make money. Manufacturing in the New England Colonies * Naval products: All the things needed to build and sail a ship. * England encouraged the New England shipbuilding industry: Englands forests were used up. The second important industry in New England: the alcoholic drink called rum. The Environment and Manufacturing * The New Englanders accommodated to their environment by finding other ways to make a living. Trade in the New England Colonies * The New England trade was known as a triangular trade. The trading ships followed ocean routes that formed a triangle on the world map. * For the New England colonies, manufactured products were exports because they were made there and shipped out. Economic Activities in the Middle Colonies Agriculture in the Middle Colonies The environmental factors that allowed farmers from the Middle Colonies to grow cash crops were flat land that had rich soil and a longer growing season. Agriculture in the Middle Colonies included corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock. Manufacturing in the Middle Colonies * Manufacturing in the Middle Colonies included iron ore products like tools, kettles, nails and plows and huge blocks of iron to export to Britain. Trade in the Middle Colonies * Trade in the Middle Colonies included exported agricultural products and natural resources, imported European manufactured goods, but never developed triangular trade routes.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Drama shows us that those who control language dictate the events of the play Essays

Drama shows us that those who control language dictate the events of the play Essays Drama shows us that those who control language dictate the events of the play Essay Drama shows us that those who control language dictate the events of the play Essay The Tempest written by William Shakespeare and Translations written by Brian Friel both look at how those who control language can dictate events. Despite the disparity of context, both plays share many core themes and explore the importance of language and how it can be used as a means of control. Both plays show linguistic hegemony, and demonstrate how one language can take dominance and displace another and how language can be stigmatised, so that it becomes dirtied and debased. In The Tempest, Calibans original language is belittled to gabble and babble by a Eurocentric Miranda. While in Translations Lanceys snobbish attitude to the townspeople and his use of circumlocutory beaurocratic jargon exposes his personal discomfort at being with foreign civilians. Prospero is in control of language within the Tempest, he is the most educated and he also has magical powers. Throughout the play Prospero uses language to coerce characters to do what he wants; his linguistic and magical aut hority is used to dictate the events of the play. Prospero foregrounds the plays fictionality my charm the magicalism of art, and he becomes almost a scriptwriter within the play by drawing attention to the illusory nature of art. In Translations it is the colonisers who control language, however it is the townspeople who dictate the events of the play. The English use language as an act of cultural and linguistic imperialism, the Irish respond in different ways to the occupation of their homeland. Friel explores the relationship between the colonised and the colonisers; by retaliating the people of Baele Beag reassert control over their own destiny and dictate the events of the play: Hugh and Jimmy Jack use mental power, Manus and the Donnelly Twins choose physical power, whereas Owen and Maire choose reasoning power. Similarly in The Tempest, Shakespeares characters also try to regain control over the events of the play, Ariel uses reasoning power, and Caliban uses physical power and at times mental power. Throughout The Tempest, Prospero appears to be fully in control of the events of the play. He uses language to persuade the audience of this, he refers to his plans as my art and my project. An omniscient Prospero appears to have charted what will happen from the beginning of the play, he is the author of everyones destiny. In Ron Daniels production of The Tempest Prospero is portrayed as an actor-manager rather than a colonialist, so that the play becomes metatheatre. Shakespeares characterisation of Prospero, is of someone with great skill and dexterity when dealing with other characters in the play, Prospero is good at manipulating people to do what he wants, this is analogous to Translations were the English are very good at manipulating the Irish into speaking English. The language Prospero uses with Ariel is very cunning, and their duologues are very contractual. In Act One, Scene Two we see Ariel compose a mini-rebellion against Prospero, albeit a short one, Prospero quickly r eminds Ariel of the cruelty of his former master, Sycorax who had trapped Ariel in a split pine tree. Prosperos proficient use of language is emphasised Thou my slave,/ as thou reportst thyself, was then her servant Prospero uses reason to persuade Ariel that It was mine art which liberated him from the torment/To lay upon the damned. Prospero promotes himself from a coloniser to a liberator and uses linguistic power to convince Ariel. From a dramatic point of view Prosperos understanding of language convinces Ariel to remain loyal. Translations also shows how blurred the line is between coloniser and liberator. Translations is set in the 19th century, however it is very much to do with the situation in Ireland in recent times, throughout the 1980s there were violent clashes between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, British intervention was viewed as liberation by the Northern Irish but as Colonisation by the Republic of Ireland. From a modern perspective, it can be compared with the response to the Iraqi Crisis by the British public, the West has come under allot of crit icism with regard to its true intentions for invading Iraq. Friels characterisation of Hugh and Manus personal relationship can be seen as parallel to the English and Irish political relationship, Manus exploitation by Hugh reflects the political exploitation of the Irish by the English. Like the British, Hugh can be viewed as an autocratic and tyrannous. In addition Hugh also uses language to control events. Hugh is negligent teacher, he refuses to teach Maire to speak English when she asks, he simply ignores her We have been diverted- diverto. Hugh allows his personal feelings towards the English obstruct his students from fulfilling their potential, he prefers to teach them the classical languages of Latin and Greek which Maire informs him is a barrier to modern progress. This view was advocated by Daniel OConnell, whom Hugh ignorantly reduces to a little Kerry politician. Friels characterisation of Hugh of someone who is historically blinkered; he needs Dutch courage and escapism to avoid the truth. The stage directions describe Hugh prod ucing a flask of whisky Hugh then precedes to toss it back, Hugh is intoxicating himself, a parallel might be drawn to Jimmy jack who is similarly intoxicated by the classics. It can be argued therefore that Friel depicts Hugh as using language to confine his students, for language will empower people such as Maire and will give her access to all forms of knowledge. It is notable that Shakespeares depiction of Caliban towards Prospero is completely different. Prospero uses verbal abuse and invectives as form of discipline to reassert his authority, he refers to Caliban as a hag seed, a son of a witch, Prospero also uses his magical language to coerce Caliban Here comes a spirit of his, and to torment me from a dramatic point of view, Caliban is shown as powerless and defenceless in the wrath of Prosperos fury. Prospero uses language to commune with the spirits and he bidem to persecute Caliban, like in Translations language is used to control and penalize. In some productions, Caliban has been interpreted as a representation of the indigenous populations of colonised countries. In Aime Cesaires rewriting of The Tempest Une Tempete, published in 1968 amidst the Black civil rights movement known as the Negritude, we see a different spin on the play. The colonizer and the colonized can be compared to slavery, and the relationship between the slave and the master. Cesaires Prospero is shown as a slave-driving exploiter. Caliban is changed from Shakespeares ignorant savage to a black colonized native whose language and culture have been displaced by Prosperos; Ariel is even played by a mulatto so as to bridge the gap between the two. From a modern post-colonialist perspective, Prospero, the coloniser, sees the importance of language as a device used to control, for if Caliban speaks Prosperos language, effectively Prosperos can shape Caliban. In Translations, the English colonisers also use language as a device control the Irish. The introduction of free education of the English national schools shows the tactics employed by the English to transform Ireland from a predominantly Gaelic-speaking nation to an English-speaking nation. Education and language are used so that Irish history and culture would be written in English, and fundamentally shaped by the British. At the end of the The Tempest Prospero breaks the suspension of disbelief Our revels now are ended he draws attention to the fictional status of the play. Prospero renounces his power, now my charms are all oerthrown. It can be said that Prosperos loss of power empowers the audience, we see a social role reversal and the subversion of social hierarchy, this is a convention of a comedy, it is now Prospero who is confined, indicated by the use of a second person plural, and this confuses the equilibrium. From a narrative point of view the audience as a magician emerges by your spell, this completes the role reversal. In the end it is the audience who dictate the events of the play with the help of your good hands. The fact that Translations expresses Irish characters in the English language shows that translation of some kind is possible, from a modern perspective we see that a hybrid in the used of Hiberno-English this confirms Hughs view We must learn to make them our own.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

English Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 3

English - Research Paper Example on that was made during the research was that all the included companies were already optimizing their profits, and that was the reason Google Company collected data from these companies. The entire report covered practices that could lead the company to realize its optimal profits as well as the practices deemed to deny the company its optimal results. The study did not cover the rival companies’ aftermaths of realizing their optimal results since the research was only focused on the Google Company. The limitations encountered were mobility from one company to another. Also, some companies were not willing to share some of the information that we needed and, therefore, much time was used while trying to convince the managers the need for the study. To guide us in the study, we researched on some similar studies that have been done in the past. According to Schoeffler et al, (2014), companies’ management teams have to ensure that they offer the best environment to their employees for optimal profits. Another study conducted by Watson (2013) stated that it is the role of both the senior and junior employees to ensure that the company reaches its optimal production levels. Also, Reichheld and Sasser (2010) wrote that both internal and external factors affect the productivity of any given company. As such, we realized that a company’s productivity is affected by many forces that the company has to be aware of. Yield optimization- this method was found only to work well for the advertising department. Compared to other companies, Google Company has relaxed on using this method and, therefore, this is one of the causes of the company’s low profits. Revenue optimization- in this section, Google Company has managed to improve its relationships with its customers basing on its segmentations. Thus, the company management has dealt with the varying segmentations as required. Also, in the offensive manner, the company has increased its sales by creating new